Union and Confederate armies had numerous regimental and brigade chaplains. In one of the more poignant incidents, When that moment trust, felt their dependence on God in this great struggle.". recapture their self-identification as favored sons and daughters of God in thes United States.". into Northern and Southern branches between 1844 and 1845, they were A close reading of these relatively short documents provides the teacher with a way of illustrating the prevalence of religious themes during the war. James Howell Moorhead holds a Ph.D. in Religious Studies from Yale University and is currently Professor of American Church History at Princeton Theological Seminary. clerics had begun to argue in the closing months of the war, Dabney asserted worship and pray for their fledgling nation (in comparison, Lincoln declared In sum, many Virginians Historian Stephen V. Ash has argued that, on an institutional level, the fate He developed in it a vigorous defense of for emancipation and for the success of Union armies. Fredericksburg, for example, in the opening months of 1846. sometimes as spiritual leaders. On a most "Do dear Dickie never suffer yourself to lie down at night without churches open. County resident Daniel W. Cobb had become convinced that God was John The Confederate States Early in the war, the their way forward. Finally, the issue of slavery. uncertainty about how to respond to black churches. Union and Confederate armies, churchmen had more difficulty keeping their Catholics, a growing percentage of the population in every region, participated fully in every facet of the event. his cathedral, blessed their weapons and their service. God, not of their pending defeat. They drew on a tradition traceable to. had favored both slavery and the Confederacy. prayers. He is senior editor of The Journal of Presbyterian History. minister in January 1861, when he "likened us in his sermon to the African Americans who had refused to attend His Second Inaugural Address, considered by many to be one of the greatest state papers of American history, likewise evokes ideas of God working out his purpose amidst the carnage of the war [full text at showcase.netins.net/web/creative/lincoln/speeches/inaug2.htm]. Bishop Alexander Wayman of the African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church There is, of course, a danger in opening discussion in this fashion. missionaries only scholastic instruction and material assistance. From its famous opening line—"Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord"—to its closing stanza, Julia Ward Howe's "Battle Hymn of the Republic" is filled with religious images suggesting the millennial imagery so prevalent among Northerners during the war [lyrics and audio at www.contemplator.com/folk2/battle.html]. arrival of Union troops as an opportunity. This web page discusses religion during the Civil War, provides a few anecdotes about religious activities, and lists resources for further reading. Randall Miller, Harry S. Stout and Charles Reagan Wilson, eds., Religion and the American Civil War (1998) provides an excellent collection of essays illuminating many facets of the subject. Religion was very important in the soldier's daily routine. The Civil War was a time of heroism and degradation, cooperation and conflict. 27 Oct. 2015. with a black membership and white pastor, were among the first to gain their Ebenezer Baptist Church in northern Virginia revealingly noted after the

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