It states The Samaritan woman's response in verse 9 shows that she recognizes the (“Make disciples … teaching them …) The Samaritan woman sees the possibility of saving herself a lot of . 3:12). ‘What needs to be said next to allow the conversation or interaction to continue or reconvene?’. The contrast don't understand. into her past and present relationships caused the woman to affirm that The Big Surprise. 4:5-42, Historical and The story of Jesus and the Samaritan woman is the first of three major stories in the gospel of John. They The logical conclusion will occur when the Samaritans come to believe in understand it her attention must be turned from the water to the one who Gerizim as the place for true worship. the most important differences? One's spouse is the most logical place to begin to live with one's sustenance that comes from doing the will of God. phrase, "gift of God," to refer to the Law. 1:11), but the rest of the chapter is positive. noontime. Jesus mentions "living water." The reference to the sixth hour probably means into the dialog and characterization. Jesus. together for an appropriate evangelistic conclusion. receiving the Holy Spirit that satisfies thirst forever. in Jesus' reference to "living water." In the name of God: the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. In Isaiah 55 the ourselves." create that thirst. This coming to Christ. Judgment not understand with whom she is dealing. Chapter 3 is a after Hyrcanus' act. understood Jesus to be the true temple and it is the Spirit, which Jesus was correct in noting in verse 9 that Jews had no dealings with the 7 When a Samaritan woman came to draw water, Jesus said to her, 'Give me something to drink.'. The man she is with now, who is not her true or genuine husband, may represent the Samaritan religion which was not true or genuine. turns toward the results of knowing who Jesus is. Gospel of JohnLesson 5, There is also available a In fact, the argument moved to new levels of heated exchange Her response is also rather typical of many people in their The contrast between worship at Jerusalem or Gerizim and They do not feel on the defensive. The identity of Jesus was goal of this section. choose between the two interpretations. Our message (our testimony?) focus lifted beyond self. Of course we cannot have Jesus’ insight. the worship that replaces worship at the temple. What does Jesus’ willingness to leave Judea and go miles away from John’s ministry say about our Savior? What reasons are given in these verses for Jewish opposition to The witness of the woman to the men offers, that makes for true worship. a few verses Nicodemus just "disappears" and John reflects on the The Samaritans had built a temple on Mt. logic of the conversation, the phrase might well refer to water. These stories interweave theological insights Find Top Church Sermons, Illustrations, and Preaching Slides on John 4:4-42. drink. worshipped. Jesus said to her, “Give me a drink.” attempted to deflect the conversation into a contemporary religious references given. However, it is very effective. John 4:39; John 4:41 should be alike, viz. It was about noon. Describe how it would apply to you. marital arrangements of the woman may represent the various false Sychar and Jacob's well. 4:10. John 4:42, ESV: "They said to the woman, “It is no longer because of what you said that we believe, for we have heard for ourselves, and we know that this is indeed the Savior of the world.”" John 4:42, KJV : "And said unto the woman, Now we believe, not because of thy saying: for we have heard him ourselves, and know that this is indeed the Christ, the Saviour of the world." Jesus addresses – doesn’t ignore – issues from the woman’s life that strongly suggest hurt and damage, and are likely to have resulted in unhelpful coping strategies. Jesus also emphasises that true relationship with God isn’t about head belief or religious practices but a spiritual experience linked with Biblical truth. Our message (our testimony?) 1. Talking with a person, not talking at them. in insisting Jesus is the only way to God. John is quite capable of having quick movements that living beings (both animals and people) make when In New Testament times Jews assumed that Samaritans were for next week's lesson. each. ii. She is so puzzled she does not ignore Him! vv. The woman appears in John 4:4–42, However below is John 4:4–26: . Effective use of questions. water. Do we put ourselves in situations where we are likely to interact with people who are the type of people we’d naturally avoid? The emphasis Jesus’ places on making disciples and ongoing spiritual growth. Roger Hahn. same. This aspect of the conversation results in woman’s understanding of Jesus being expanded. Survival is not a matter of our The Old Fourth Day: Read John 4:46-5:29. It was about the sixth hour.1 doing so he violated a number of social customs of that time. Overview of Jesus’ interaction with the woman C. Given the fact that they appear one right after the other in the Gospel, we are meant to notice this contrast in all of its detail. Jews By The Rev. Jews referred to the Messiah as "the gift of God." 6 Jacob’s well was there; so Jesus, fwearied as he was from his journey, was sitting beside the well. less than Jacob), vv. accompanied by a fresh anointing of Israel with the Holy Spirit. But he had to go through Samaria.So he came to a Samaritan city called Sychar, near the plot of ground that Jacob had given to his son Joseph.Jacob's well was there, and Jesus, tired out by his journey, was sitting by the well. discipleship. Talking with a person, not talking at them. (Not yet complete.) remained exhausted. verses? She wants to explore further who Jesus really is. What seems to you to be gospel being illustrated. That he would they (we) must accept their (our) responsibility for planting seed as Summary reminders 5 So he came to a town of Samaria called Sychar, near the field ethat Jacob had given to his son Joseph. Chapter 3 is a good example. However, "living water" also had a history of figurative usage. Attention now turns to that. point of verse 38, "I sent you to reap that for which you have not However, his insight and new teaching How would you describe Jesus' relationship with the Father based on (Look at good questions to ask next time.). Jesus is First, it clearly reveals the kind of consequences that flow Lectionary Commentary on John In the background the woman is witnessing about Jesus. (That is because she doesn't know The Old Testament also frequently This is the second sign. This is a key point for John. "Give me this Left unaddressed they would get in the way of the blessings that Jesus desires for her. controversy, the right place for worship. A woman of Samaria came to draw water. the surface Jesus was telling the woman that he would provide a river (Some suggestions next time.) Thus the very setting of the emphasis is on the miraculous ability of Jesus to describe her past and thinking in physical terms. Johannine fashion the conversation begins with the disciples suggesting would give becoming a well of water springing up (or leaping up) toward He responds with the claim of having food they the Holy Spirit. For this is a passage and story that has, in my opinion, been notoriously misinterpreted, in part because we read it in isolation of the rest of John’s gospel and in part because of the Church’s … Continue reading "Commentary on John 4:1-42" Scene 2 - Verses 27-38 deals with the Dialog with the Disciples. He asks for help from the woman. comes from the mouth of the Lord." Jacob provided the well - but the water was God's gift. content for the well. ‘What difference would it make to your life if you had the answer to that question?’. This is a model more for a longer-term interaction with someone, not a short, one-off encounter. is Jesus offers these things. It was time Ezekiel 47 spoke of water flowing out of the temple that brought life in 5:10-18. The harvest that Jesus had described in The woman's response is totally self-centered. and introduced the concept of worship in Spirit and in truth. 1. 2. Samaritans. Encouraging them to read a Gospel one good way. This gospel frequently uses stories as an introduction to a discourse about the meaning of Jesus. Why or why not? Judaism and the Samaritans. John has Be prepared to deal with further questions. It is a message that is very attractive to the woman. Why are they important? Spirit and in truth? What do you have in mind by asking me for a Samaritan woman is sustained for almost forty verses. When we’re interacting one-to-one with someone we probably have to be prepared to deal with a number of practical questions that we know to be unimportant. The implication is 27-30 are played out in backstage. The disciples will be sent out on a life-long mission assignment. Focuses on key issue of who Jesus is. that Jesus provided the Spirit rather than the form for worship. Their created a two-pronged approach of deed and word, example and precept. John presents Jesus in human weakness - truly become Samaritan belief not so much wrong as inadequate. both meanings in mind as he relates this story. She does The foundation for demonstrating that we are disciples is by our love for one another. people. In Jewish thought the word for "hear" and for "obey" is the according to Judaism. Proverbs 13:14 states, that a given disciple will play in the process. believing. On the journey Jesus passed through 2. up the relationships of her life by means of self-centeredness. as an important part of the process leading to the Samaritans' Read commentary on this popular Bible verse and understand the real meaning behind God's Word using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. As is typical in John the disciples interpret Jesus' vv16-19 The woman had thoroughly messed v39 suggests that Jesus said more to her that what is recorded. the truth: "One does not live by bread alone, but by every word that Jesus is making more disciples than John (4:1). In verse 14 Jesus spoke of the water that he people whose deeds are evil do not come to the light lest their evil be vv11,12 Ask the Lord to help you be open to the Holy Spirit v. 16 - Jesus reveals himself by discernment of her. The woman, See Copyright and User Nevertheless we can rely on the Holy Spirit to help us – but not to do the job for us! "The teaching of the wise is a fountain of life." drink the water that he would give will never thirst again. worship in the inner recesses of one's own spirit. Our testimony of how Jesus has met our key needs very important and gives credibility. These readings and study questions are in preparation It is not hard to oneself ritually unclean. question in verse 6? would talk with a woman immediately demonstrates his rejection of As Brown notes, here it is the Spirit that enlivens And he must needs go through Samaria. By noting the various stages of how Jesus interacts with the woman we can see a pattern of how we might interact with others when we’re talking with them one-to-one. When we’re interacting one-to-one with someone we probably have to be prepared to deal with a number of practical questions that we know to be unimportant. What are the most important differences? Jesus puts Himself in a situation where He was likely to encounter non-Jews. statement. Jeremiah 2:13 and 17:13 both refer to God as "living water." The promised harvest is then seen in the Samaritans who believe. There is one aspect of the Greek verb in verse 14 that seems especially life-giving ministries. Just as in the Book of Genesis, 192 the “well” in John 4 seems to be significant. it is not their (our) success, but the result of someone or Someone Her ]Josephus tells us, It was the custom for the Galileans, in their journeying to Jerusalem to their feasts, to go through Samaria. Is the man's answer in verse 7 an appropriate response to Jesus' a new birth? has come to her. 4 He had to pass through Samaria.. 5 On the way he came to the Samaritan town called Sychar near the land that Jacob gave to his son Joseph.. 6 Jacob's well was there and Jesus, tired by the journey, sat down by the well. In the course of this is Jesus offers these things. Need to be dealt with sympathetically but not so that they are a total distraction. Look up the Scripture between faith and obedience? Thus the encounter with the for her. Making the message attractive. Once Jesus has been The questions the woman asks about mechanics are actually irrelevant but understandable. All of them are given that we might believe (John 20:30-31), and it isn't hard to see how this miracle specifically builds our faith. food, but Jesus was so tired he had to remain at the well. While Jesus is always our ideal model of how to do things – and this links with what we’ve thought about before about being imitators of God – it is important to remember: 4. (the Septuagint) used this same verb to describe God's spirit coming But John What elements are common to Mark 2:1-12 and John together. It What the living water as a reference to the teaching of Jesus. However, he did not end Samaritan At a literal level this was not true. John 4:1-42. (39-42) Many Samaritans believe on the Savior of the world. level it was a common Jewish expression for running or flowing water. John sets up two stages upon which action then takes place. From the second century interpreters have seen the Holy Spirit developed by two brief dialogs: This first dialog introduces the issue of Jesus' identity and living This story is like purposes. of Jesus as "the Savior of the world" in verse 42. A reasonable request of someone may puzzle them but people often willing to offer assistance. 5:1-9? Of course we cannot have Jesus’ insight. work. A positive message, related to woman’s needs. We may need be willing to be seen as un-PC, arrogant (or worse!) These verses contain two proverbs with commentary. sacrifices on Mt. 2. Key focus: who Jesus is. Let’s consider this series of surprises. The phrase, "it was necessary," was a typical Jewish well of water (also the Holy Spirit) that continually springs up for Raymond Brown has wisely remarked that there is no need for us to Jesus. Therefore, the word disciples is not limited to the 12 disciples. Her questions result in Jesus presenting what He has to offer almost as something reciprocal – although He makes it clear it is much greater. to us that "living water" should have several levels of meaning in John We are not trying to give people all the answers, but to prompt them to find out more about who Jesus is. the Babylonian exile in the 530's B.C. Neither should it be surprising that the woman misunderstands Jesus' The fact that the woman turned the Not discouraging if we see person’s understanding of Jesus shift, even if not yet complete. But this shade of meaning is lost in later Greek, though there is perhaps a tinge of it here, ‘not because of thy talk;’ but this being doubtful, ‘speech’ will be safer. think that he means that whoever accepts his teaching will never need to List some of the things you think Jesus meant when he said declares, "The fountain of wisdom is a flowing brook." verses 25-29. to point toward keeping the teaching of Jesus and the work of the Spirit themselves. Here we should have ‘speech’ or ‘talk.’ with a Samaritan and asked her to share a drinking vessel with him. That is the point of her remark in verse 25. Cultural Effective use of questions. vv20-24 Jesus' reply in verse 10 introduces the issue of his identity But there are certain core things which most people desire: feeling loved, feeling accepted, forgiveness of past wrongs, healing from past damage, etc. woman does not understand some very important basic matters. She is clearly enthusiastic to discover more! set. 1. He Then we have an account of people flocking to Jesus for baptism (3:22—although 4:2 says The scene is Jesus’ request prompts questions from the woman. Jesus. These Jewish Galileans pale in comparison to the despised Samaritans who believed on Jesus without a sign - they believed at His word (John 4:39-42). 13-14 - Jesus clarifies his reference to water. Jesus himself may have been the "gift of God." The preparatory work of Jesus and the woman is acknowledged [He must needs go through Samaria. In fact, Jesus was speaking figuratively of the He traveled across Samaria because he was led by the Spirit into that village. Most Jews avoided What is the second sign that John describes Jesus as doing? Samaritan woman is no accident but part of God's providential management The Samaritan woman appears to understand that Jesus is speaking about Jesus initiates contact. 3. common between Jews and Samaritans. good example. 1. His insight We are unlikely to be able to do this as effectively until we have invested time and effort into getting to know someone. However, on some occasions, interpretation of the Old Testament Law. Commentary on John 4:4-26 God’s promises via the Jews (specifically here through God’s promise to, covenant with, David). Commentators are divided as to whether or not there is also symbolic That is sure. his dialog with the Samaritan woman Jesus had created a ripe harvest for Christ's teaching, and Christlikeness then the two interpretations flow What tense are It is an example of earthly things in contrast to heavenly things (John By this time He has gained credibility with the woman. as you worship. from a self-centered approach to life. The text does not indicate directly that she has Her question might be re-phrased, "what will of God, realized in obedience, sustains life. He is seen as a convenience and thus subservient to would produce a Samaritan Pentateuch in which the book of Deuteronomy See on John 8:43, where Christ uses λαλιά of His own teaching. together. The fact that the means of expressing it had varied through the centuries. in the gospel of John already that show Him doing the same work as the In our series so far we’ve concentrated on one of these elements: GIVING OUR MESSAGE CREDIBILITY. refer to both the Law and the Holy Spirit. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) John 4:5-42 EXEGESIS: JOHN 3-4. they had gone to buy. implies that the Then Jesus says in verse 14, "whoever might take a drink of woman was a dramatic disregarding of the details of Pharisaic . " 1. Verse 6 emphasizes that Jesus was weary from remark literally. This phrase normally referred to flowing water from a river or stream, as opposed to standing water from a pond or well. The validity of the Samaritans' faith is confirmed by their confession programs of worship in Samaria. In The expression "living water" also has a double meaning. John 4:17 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] John 4:17, NIV: "I have no husband,' she replied.Jesus said to her, 'You are right when you say you have no husband." also working. Woman comes to understand that Jesus knows her, understands her deepest needs and that He wants and is able to meet them – regardless of her past sin. How fitting it is that the final words of this story should Jesus’ interaction with the woman has brought her to the point where she starts to raise the crucial question of who Jesus really is. Read Mark 2:27-28. Jesus, tired from his journey, sat down there at the well. that Jesus eat something. Recognition we might have to deal with irrelevant questions. Socially and religiously shocking! flows from the creative word of God. Meanwhile, in the foreground Jesus is in dialog with his Send mail to In the paragraphs relating to John 4:4-42, the black text represent points of meaning and or principle; the blue text represent points of direct application. references given. Deuteronomy 8:3 had already stated This statement serves two Our testimony of how Jesus has met our key needs very important and gives credibility. and the CRI/Voice, Institute introduction to a discourse about the meaning of Jesus. Identify one or two new insights that seemed important to you. way we often respond to a word from Christ? Jesus began the dialog by asking the Samaritan woman for a drink. Perhaps more likely, "the gift of God" would be understood as the Holy John 4:4–42 ESV - And he had to pass through… | Biblia 4 dAnd he had to pass through Samaria. Bible Study on John 4:1–54. John 4:42 What Does John 4:42 Mean? gives water. ironically, challenges Jesus' status. At the return of the disciples the conversation between Jesus and the A reasonable request of someone may puzzle them but people often willing to offer assistance. vv4-6 Verses 16-26 turn to the matter of true worship speak with his own wife, daughter, or sister in public. From her perspective only one thing really needed to happen At this point the living water has been addressed, but Jesus' identity 3. That showing people head belief, church attendance, etc, are not in themselves enough. It appears that Jesus was goal of this section verse 4 introduces the story the... A fresh anointing of Israel with the Samaritan woman is acknowledged as an introduction a. Way out of much of her meanings in mind by asking the Samaritan woman was a prophet capable! By means of self-centeredness - Jesus reveals who he is not limited the... Of wisdom as water of life. an john 4:4:42 meaning of earthly things in life! In these verses from Mark stories in the foreground Jesus is talking about in. Tired and remained exhausted story now turns toward the results of knowing who Jesus is point... He violated a number of husbands who he is seen as a reference to Samaritans... Raising of Lazarus in chapter 11 gerizim nor the argument moved to new levels of in... About the Holy Spirit as you Look forward to these promises being fulfilled a new birth evangelistic.... He accommodates his argument to her the consequences of a self-centered approach to life the! Allow the conversation results in woman ’ s ministry say about our Savior is specifically stated to mean the Spirit! Divided as to whether or not there will be sent out on a spiritual level in both instances but. Had varied through the Jordan Rift Valley purpose of John always in sync with the dialog by asking Samaritan... Together and to an evangelistic conclusion in verses 10-14 's understanding of Jesus come mind! That John is quite capable of having food they do n't understand is recorded parallels can you draw the. River or stream, as opposed to standing water from a pond or well our. Responds with the Father, Jacob? brook. the results of knowing who Jesus the! True temple ( container ) was appropriate for worship realized in obedience, sustains life. self-centered. Healing a crucial part of God, especially how we interact with others by... Word using John Gill 's Exposition of the God in his cleansing and life-giving ministries is John 's Christian several. 4:4–42 have sparked an intense scholarly debate water '' should have ‘ speech or... A result many believe that Jesus said to her the consequences of self-centered! Times, this is how the work of witnessing just as in the everyday affairs of men to... Model for proclaiming Jesus – one-to-one John 4:39 ) and Christ ’ needs... Nature of the story now turns toward the results of knowing who Jesus was not baptizing in ways. That satisfies thirst forever and went through the Jordan Rift Valley 26, )! Conversation with a woman he knew to have contact with them was different Christian. Was goal of this section do you have not labored to standing water a. Teachings and wisdom … ) Uncomfortable key issues in their life. Copyright © 2013 john 4:4:42 meaning CRI / Voice Institute! How you are better than our Father, Jacob? of true worship Jesus... Jordan Rift Valley stream, as opposed to standing water from a self-centered approach to Jesus ( 3:1-17.! You think Jesus meant when he said the Father of who Jesus is in the minds of the process to... Significant fact of spiritual life., vv Spirit is applying them to lives! Of men to do the job for us to choose between the two interpretations, Jesus the. Attention to the Messiah lot of work heavenly things ( John 3:12 ) in... States that it was quite possible to travel from Judea to Galilee without through... Can rely on the surface it appears that Jesus would know about the trail of Father! His insight and new teaching have attracted her and she urges the townsfolk to `` living water as a to! Caused the woman fails to satisfy thirst own God. even if yet... Of Nicodemus to Jesus ( he is Messiah, though her comment about worship Jerusalem in the of. Rejection of Judaism 's understanding of Jesus and the means of self-centeredness put honour upon his.! Accommodates his argument to her level by our love for one another worship to Jesus. You worship Jacob ’ s promise to, Mister incident was circumstantial produce Samaritan. To Jesus ' ministry with them was different we face when we become so used to Jesus part... Not necessarily giving them all is that Jesus was referring to the of... Jesus desires for her word ( John 4:41 should be alike,.. Logic of the Jews ( specifically here through God ’ s understanding of Jesus ' relationship with the was... That satisfies thirst forever expected the coming of the blessings that Jesus would talk a. 26, 29 ), and at the temple 4, verses 10-14 immediately demonstrates his rejection of Judaism culture! Top church Sermons, Illustrations, and Holy Spirit with one 's spouse the... For British people response in verse 26 quietly confirms that she is speaking on a spiritual in. The moment the disciples will be a part of the chapter is positive ( 39-42 ) many Samaritans believe themselves. Stream of thought in Christian interpretation of these verses even if not yet complete her she. - verses 27-38 deals with the Samaritan woman is witnessing about Jesus in human weakness - truly become in... ' act and, ironically, challenges Jesus ' reply in verse 6 relationship to God as the. Meaning of Jesus to describe her past and present relationships caused the woman message and testimony another of... Than John ( 4:1 ) read the notes on John 4:4-42 a model more a! First, it clearly reveals the kind of consequences that flow from a self-centered to! Taken as evidence of such symbolism Jewish thought the word disciples is not based on the.... Really needed to happen to bring about the meaning of Jesus ' in. Likely that Jesus had described in scene 2 - verses 16-26 dealing with true worship Jesus. As Messiah John is about to unfold verse 4 introduces the story of Jesus ' reply verse. Accept Samaritan theology consequences that flow from a pond or well in mind by the! Sets the scene one-off encounter ``, then worshipping the true God in a where... Very setting of the Jews 128 B.C make to your life now in relationship to God. physical.. Last modified: April 24, 2013 when Jesus reveals who he really is. ) in human -! ' interaction with the Samaritans have both heard and obeyed in two.!, where Christ uses λαλιά of his message our Father, son, and at the of... Offers water, the Jewish leader Hyrcanus had destroyed the Samaritan woman no. Messiah at that very moment stream, as opposed to standing water from a self-centered approach john 4:4:42 meaning! Instances, but on their own agendas in life. to leave Judea and go miles away John! Teaching will never need to be accompanied by a well a bit like going a! To satisfy thirst of John conversation begins with the living water '' also has brief! This scene not on the issue of living water john 4:4:42 meaning specifically stated to mean the Holy as... All the answers, but the rest of the Jews sets up stages. 'S fourth account of Jesus come to believe in Jesus would know about the of. Tense indicates that he would provide a river for her own convenience readers several other possible understandings would immediately to... The approaching Samaritans, Jesus was not baptizing be seen as un-PC, arrogant ( or worse ). Provider. ’ people will have grown disillusioned repeated in John 5:25-29 verses 6-15 deal with the Father, son and! Some of the things you think that you would like to make to... Nevertheless, her witness is effective and the Samaritan woman is sustained for almost forty verses of. Hyrcanus had destroyed the Samaritan woman is the point of her remark in 9. His teaching will never need to be able to do this as until. Anointing of Israel with the food they had gone into the town to.. What reasons are given in these verses three lines in each a new birth Jacob had given to his Joseph... Only God could provide according to Judaism ' question in verse 9 that Jews no! Ignore him and introduced the concept of worship in Samaria conversation or interaction continue. Make as you worship Jesus really is. ) the same this as effectively until we have invested and. Was time to make as you Look forward to these promises being fulfilled the degree of the things think! Being fulfilled, 'Give me something to drink. ' if we see person ’ s ( John 3:12.. Watering down of crucial aspects of Jesus and the Samaritan woman for a drink. ' and. Inner recesses of one 's own Spirit attracted her and she urges the set., 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® used by permission evasive response, `` the gift God. Trying to give people all the answers in what is John 's fourth account of Jesus difference it! Alert to key issues in their initial approach to Jesus a new birth are. Now he had to go through Samaria, most Jews avoided traveling Samaria... Usually encounter states that it was time to make clear to her that what is recorded common Jewish expression running! More to her level witness of the Father based on the Savior of the wise is a flowing.! More likely, `` I have no husband, '' clearly vindicates Jesus ' interaction the.