2005) described earlier in this paper, improvement of panicle blast resistance (Sugiura et al. Directions. 2005, Takai et al. For example, younger Japanese tend to prefer harder cooked rice rather than sticky rice like Koshihikari according to recent market research (Fukui Prefecture, unpublished data). 2010) have a somewhat hard surface in the cooked rice and are being accepted as a new type of rice by consumers. SGD 8.89 SGD 9.99. Breed Res 19:103–108 (in Japanese with English summary), Maeda H, Yamaguchi T, Omoteno M, Takarada T, Fujita K, Murata K, Iyama Y, Kojima Y, Morikawa M, Ozaki H et al (2014) Genetic dissection of black grain rice by the development of a near isogenic line. Use white rice setting if available. Japanese immigrants brought this coveted variety of rice with them during the Gold Rush in the mid 1800’s. They were aiming to sell it to Tokyo, the largest consumption area in Japan. For firmer rice, add ¼ cup less water and cook for 5 minutes less. These characteristics outweigh drawbacks such as its low blast resistance and low lodging resistance. 1’, a new rice variety with nearly cadmium-free in grains. The rice suitable for making sushi is a short-grain rice that is cooked, mixed with vinegar, salt and sugar while hot and is then immediately cooled. Breed Sci 55:371–377, Ishizaki K, Matsui T, Harasawa R (2005) Practical application of multiline variety with blast resistance genes of Koshihikari in Niigata prefecture. These include transplanting of younger seedlings to increase the duration of the growing season (Horiguchi et al. Tamanishiki Super Premium Short Grain Rice. Jpn J Breed 42:177–183 (in Japanese), Yoshida S, Nagata T, Igarashi T, Sasaki T (2013) Prediction of amylose contents of ‘Yumepirika’, Hokkaido low-amylose rice cultivar, before harvest season I. Jpn J Crop Sci 82(suppl 2):194–195 (in Japanese). Bull Fukui Agr Exp Stn:39–45 (in Japanese with English summary), Shigemune A, Sasahara H, Goto A, Miura K, Yoshida T (2007) Analysis of the accuracy of eating quality test for breeding high palatable rice variety. “Koshikihari” literally means “Light of Koshi.” It is named such because of its smoothness and translucence. Since this successful QTL pyramiding, many trials of pinpoint improvement of Koshihikari have been reported (category A in Additional file 1: Table S1). Jpn J Crop Sci 50:357–364 (in Japanese with English summary), Takeuchi Y, Hayasaka H, Chiba B, Tanaka I, Shimano T, Yamagishi M, Nagano K, Sasaki T, Yano M (2001) Mapping quantitative trait loci controlling cool-temperature tolerance at booting stage in temperate japonica rice. Notably, blast-resistant NILs possessing one or more R-genes in the Koshihikari genetic background were developed: Kojima et al. PubMed Google Scholar. Japanese Short Grain Rice That I’ve Tried and Love: Akita Komachi Short-Grain Brown Rice. Long-grain rice is a long and thin like rice eaten in Thailand, and known as Indica rice. Short-grain rice is the most commonly consumed in Japan and is mostly Japonica rice. Positions of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) associated with agronomic traits in Koshihikari. This super premium short grain has unique characteristics: soft with sticky texture, moisture retention for … Chicken and Mango Rice. The rapid decrease in the number of farmers is a serious social concern in Japan, and suggests a need for rice that can be cultivated more easily by the remaining farmers. Harukaze Koshihikari Short Grain Japonica Rice (Japanese Sushi Rice) 20kg. 2005) were also achieved by using DNA markers. Google Scholar, Ikeda T, Kasai H (1986) Effect of topdressing to deeper layer on growth and yield components of rice cultivar ‘Koshihikari’. (in Japanese) Accessed 11 Sept 2017, Morita K, Takahashi W, Sugimori F, Furuhata M (2011) Planting density suitable for late transplanting for avoiding high temperature during the ripening period of rice cultivar Koshihikari in Toyama prefecture, Japan. In case of changing ratio of amount of basal dressing to that of deeper layer to transplanted rice plants. 1991, Murai and Endo 2006, Tomita 2009). (2010) identified the ancestral origin of the pedigree haplotypes in 60.9% of the Koshihikari genome. This trait has also been very helpful in Hokuriku, where rice is also harvested during the rainy season (September) (Ishizaka et al. IRIS OHYAMA Koshihikari from Ibaraki, Japanese Premium Short Grain White Rice . 2012, Tanabata et al. 1, was selected from mutations induced by ion-beam irradiation (Ishikawa et al. As the national demographic structure and Japanese lifestyles and preferences change, the nature of the demand for rice is also changing. Koshihikari from Toyama Prefecture, Japan (you can find this brand at Japanese grocery stores) Gaba Sprouted Brown Rice . At present, 55 isogenic and near-isogenic lines (NILs) of Koshihikari have been developed (National Agriculture and Food Research Organization Website). Part of Plant Physiol 160:1871–1880, Tanaka I, Kobayashi A, Tomita K, Takeuchi Y, Yamagishi M, Yano M, Sasaki T, Horiuchi H (2006) Detection of quantitative trait loci for stickiness and appearance based on eating quality test in japonica rice cultivar. Koshihikari, a premium short-grain rice cultivar, was bred in 1956. The rice lacked the flavor and freshness that koshihikari is known for and I had to check the expiration to see how old it actually was. However, Japanese rice consumption has been decreasing since the 1970s, by 80 kt per year (Rice Stable Supply Support Organization Website). 2013). It is harvested in Uonuma area and is named after the historic Koshi Province situated in Japan. 2008). Koshihikari was the first japonica rice cultivar whose whole genome has been sequenced by means of next-generation sequencing. Share on WhatsApp Share on WhatsApp Share on Facebook Share on Facebook Tweet Share on Twitter. 4.4 lb. However, these cultivars have not replaced the original Koshihikari in most places, because some skillful farmers have resolved the lodging problem and prioritize current Koshihikari over “semi-dwarf” Koshihikari. (2010) and Hori et al. 2018-11-27T17:15:22-08:00. What results is rice with a balanced flavor whose grains stick one to another. Breed Sci 58:427–435, Wang ZX, Sakaguchi S, Oka Y, Kitazawa N, Minobe Y (2005) Breeding of semi-dwarf Koshihikari by using genome breeding method. In addition, the basic vegetative growth duration of Koshihikari was 35.2 days when it was cultivated under short-day conditions after sprouting at 28 °C (Mimoto et al. 2014). Table 1 shows the continuing preference of Japanese consumers for cooked Koshihikari rice: the top five cultivars were developed more than 15 years ago, and Koshihikari-like sticky rice has been loved since the 1950s. Rice 11, 15 (2018). For example, Ichihomare (Kobayashi et al. Store in a cool dry place out of sunlight. For what it costs, it’s unacceptable to sell old rice. By using this website, you agree to our The luster, sweet aroma,delicious flavor, and exquisite texture all harmonize into a super-premium rice prized by top professional chefs. 4.4 lb. Uruchimai is the most popular and is the category used for sushi rice (Koshihikari being the most popular variety). March 23, 2015. 2005, Niigata Prefecture Website). All of the authors read and approved the final manuscript. To meet these demands, Japanese rice breeders have tried to develop new cultivars that can increase rice consumption and respond to the diversification of eating quality preferences. By the end of the twentieth century, Koshihikari was also cultivated outside of Japan. Breed Sci 64:273–281, Nagata K, Ando T, Nonoue Y, Mizubayashi T, Kitazawa N, Shomura A, Matsubara K, Ono N, Mizobuchi R, Shibaya T, Ogiso-Tanaka E, Hori K, Yano M, Fukuoka S (2015) Advanced backcross QTL analysis reveals complicated genetic control of rice grain shape in a japonica × indica cross. Fine-mapping of a seed dormancy QTL revealed that a nonfunctional qLTG3–1 allele, was associated with strong tolerance to pre-harvest sprouting in Koshihikari (Hori et al. Shop Hinode Koshihikari Short Grain Rice - Each from Pavilions. However, information on the large number of SNPs obtained from the whole-genome sequence overcame this inefficiency of DNA marker development, and has accelerated the detection of agronomically important quantitative trait loci (QTLs). Developed and grown with Japanese expert rice growers in Australia to provide this outstanding rice variety. In this review, we look back on the breeding history, dissemination, and characteristics of Koshihikari, then summarize genetic studies of its agronomic traits, as well as some improvements in Koshihikari. The top 10 cultivars account for 75.6% of the total rice production area in Japan. Jpn J Crop Sci 51:325–331 (in Japanese with English summary), Mimoto H, Yanase M, Chujo H (1989) Varietal differences of juvenile phase duration and photoperiodic sensitivity in paddy rice. 2005), and a strong culm (Samoto and Kanai 1975). Farmers have continued to provide delicious rice, including both Koshihikari and cultivars with different characteristics that meet the demands of consumers. Abstract Koshihikari, a Japanese short-grain rice cultivar, was developed in 1956, more than 60 years ago. Furthermore, there has been increasingly wide diversification of the eating quality of cooked rice in Japan. Breed Sci 58:437–445, Takeuchi Y, Nonoue Y, Ebitani T, Suzuki K, Aoki N, Sato H, Ideta O, Hirabayashi H, Hirayama M, Ohta H et al (2007) QTL detection for eating quality including glossiness, stickiness, taste and hardness of cooked rice. Long-grain rice is a long and thin like rice eaten in Thailand, and known as Indica rice. In New South Wales, Australia, Koshihikari has been cultivated since 1991, and the paddy yield was very high, at about 13.7 t/ha (Ohnishi et al. 5) (Matsubara et al. 2010). During the process of rice introduction at higher latitudes, breeders have selected lines with weaker sensitivity to photoperiod to produce an early heading date so as to ensure maturity during the period of optimal climatic conditions. $22.99. 2016). As a result, the paddy yield of Koshihikari increased to 6630 kg/ha by 1985 in the Hokuriku region. However, since the end of the post–World War II food shortage in the 1960s, Japanese preferences changed from high productivity to good eating quality. (2017) detected and validated the QTL for leaf blast resistance (qLBR1) on the short arm of chromosome 1. It is of the short-grain Japonica rice type that has excellent flavor and texture. Category: Short Grain Rice SKU: 300162. 2008, Takeuchi et al. "Koshi" as we affectionately refer to it, shines brightest when served as a fine table rice. Tamaki Haiga Rice (California Koshihikari Short Grain Rice) Tamaki Haiga shortgrain rice is partially milled: the brown bran has been removed, but unlike white rice, the nutrient-laden germ remains. Breed Sci 51:191–197, Takeuchi Y, Hori K, Suzuki K, Nonoue Y, Takemoto-Kuno Y, Maeda H, Sato H, Hirabayashi H, Ohta H, Ishii T et al (2008) Major QTLs for eating quality of an elite Japanese rice cultivar, Koshihikari, on the short arm of chromosome 3. If you can get “Koshihikari” this is the rice I would buy. Kobayashi, A., Hori, K., Yamamoto, T. et al. Plant J 76:36–46, CAS  With similar clay soils and growing climates, Japanese farmers learned to grow their Koshihikari variety of rice in the Central Valley of Northern California. This variety of rice accounts for almost 40% of rice production in Japan. Rice Cooker Shirakiku Koshihikari Premium Short Grain Rice - 15lbs Known as the “king of rice” for its sweet aroma, great taste, fluffiness, and sticky texture. Gluten free. I buy Japanese short grain rice called ‘Koshihikari’ (こしひかりorコシヒカリ). It is often formed into rice balls with seaweed, sashimi or pickled plum to make onigiri or musubi. The hybrid F1 seeds were cultivated in 1946, and 3000 F2 individuals were subsequently cultivated at the Nagaoka National Agricultural Experiment Station in Niigata Prefecture; 65 promising individuals were selected from this generation. In addition, with global warming, average dairy minimum temperature from June to August has increased by about 1.1 °C from 1966 to 2001 (Kawatsu et al. Cookies policy. Though people expect high eating quality from Koshihikari in these areas, environmental conditions such as high temperature and low humidity tend to prevent it from achieving the same quality as in Japan (Iwata 1992, Kawamura et al. The tradition continues through generations of rice farmers so you can enjoy Hinode Koshihikari premium short grain rice across the Pacific. Bull Fukui Agr Exp Stn 41:29–38 (in Japanese with English summary), Yamamoto T, Nagasaki H, Yonemaru J, Ebana K, Nakajima M, Shibaya T, Yano M (2010) Fine definition of the pedigree haplotypes of closely related rice cultivars by means of genome-wide discovery of single-nucleotide polymorphisms. 3)—adopted Koshihikari as one of their recommended cultivars in 1956, 1957, and 1959, respectively. Add to Cart. This super-premium short grain rice has unique characteristics - versatility, firmness, consistency, aroma and natural sweetness. At present, 104 cultivars have been bred using Koshihikari as a direct mating parent by many of the breeding divisions of prefectural and national research institutes (National Agriculture and Food Research Organization Website). Though the target QTLs were not cloned, their phenotypic effects in the Koshihikari genetic background have been evaluated and incorporated in actual breeding programs (categories B and C in Additional file 1: Table S1). Reduce to a low simmer for 15 – 20 minutes until moisture is absorbed. In 2016, Koshihikari was planted on about 535,000 ha, which Koshihikari is one of the m Cooked rice grains of Koshihikari show strong stickiness (Tanaka et al. Matsuri Golden Koshihikari Short Grain Rice 4.4LbIng: Milled RiceSuper Premium Short Grain Rice. They can be classified as Koshihikari-like in terms of their eating quality. Amazon sell this at a superb price, you get 2 packs for less … 1). In California, USA, Koshihikari was cultivated on about 400 ha in 1991 (Iwata 1992). The genetic effects of each QTL have been confirmed in advanced backcross populations, and two novel heading date genes (Hd16 and Hd17) have been cloned by means of map-based strategies (Matsubara et al. Bull Saga Pref Agr Exp Stn 1-19:27 (in Japanese with English summary), Ogawa T, Endo N, Busto GA Jr, Tabien RE, Taura S, Khush GS (1998) Data set on the variety group resistant to bacterial leaf blight in rice. SGD 44.49 SGD 49.99. 11% off. © 2020 BioMed Central Ltd unless otherwise stated. 1998, Nishimura et al. Koshihikari is a staple for daily consumption and making sushi. Hd16 is involved in the control of photoperiod sensitivity in rice (Hori et al. Browse our wide selection of Sushi Rice for Delivery or Drive Up & Go to pick up at the store! Additional information Additional information. Breed Res 8:183–189 (in Japanese), Murata K, Iyama Y, Yamaguchi T, Ozaki H, Kidani Y, Ebitani T (2014) Identification of a novel gene (Apq1) from the indica rice cultivar ‘Habataki’ that improves the quality of grains produced under high temperature stress. The eating quality of Koshihikari is superior to that of Nipponbare, a standard rice, in appearance, scent, flavor, stickiness, and overall evaluation, and cooked Koshihikari rice is much softer than Nipponbare (Takeuchi et al. BMC Plant Biol 14:295, Takai T, Nonoue Y, Yamamoto SI, Yamanouchi U, Matsubara K, Liang ZW, Lin HX, Ono N, Uga Y, Yano M (2007) Development of chromosome segment substitution lines derived from backcross between indica donor rice cultivar ‘Nona bokra’ and japonica recipient cultivar ‘Koshihikari’. Despite its age, it has been the most widely grown cultivar in Japan for more than 35 years, making it the most important rice for the Japanese people. They are not cheap compared to the other types of rice, like Jasmine rice or long grain rice… Because the Koshihikari Hd16 allele produced weak photoperiod sensitivity and an early heading date, acquisition of this allele may have permitted extension of the cultivation area for Koshihikari into more northern and southern cultivation areas in Japan. A few cultivars are whiter and glossier than Koshihikari (Machida et al. Bull Toyama Agri Res Ctr 20:13–31 (in Japanese with English summary), Lee JR, Zhang JM, Wang H, Li MB, Piao Z (2010) Differences in amylopectin structure and grain quality of rice between some high-quality japonica cultivars from the lower Yangtze river region, China and Koshihikari from Niigata, Japan. Bull Natl Inst Crop Sci 2:39–61 (in Japanese with English summary), Ishikawa S, Ishimaru Y, Igura M, Kuramata M, Abe T, Senoura T, Hase Y, Arao T, Nishizawa N, Nakanishi H (2012) Ion-beam irradiation, gene identification, and marker-assisted breeding in the development of low-cadmium rice. Expert rice growers in Australia to provide this outstanding rice variety Koshihikari was obtained from the Koshi region Japan... Scientists have continued to provide this outstanding rice variety, Etsunan 17 was adopted as a recommended cultivar meet. Website and National Agriculture and food Research Organization and Prefectural governments to current... And approved the final manuscript ) owing to its early days, there was no to... Transplanted rice plants in ill-drained paddy field matches the quality of rice that has the outer bran milled... C: comprehensive genome-wide analysis by Koshihikari genetic background: Kojima et al and since then, has continuously its. 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Price $ 12.74 current price $ 10.19 | / Save $ 2.55 lack alpha-globulin protein ( Iida et.... Another Australian grown Short grain rice ) 20kg, Sasaki 1985 ) ; and using growth regulators ( and... 2003 ) developed six NILs in Toyama Prefecture, Japan ( Yamamoto and Ogawa 1992 ) eating was. 4.4Lbing: milled RiceSuper Premium Short grain rice 4.4LbIng: milled RiceSuper Premium Short grain Japonica rice type that excellent! Blast infection if measured by weight ( g ) — 1.3 times of!, pleiotropy or introgression out of the most commonly consumed in Japan and is the most consumed. Rice strains, giving it a rich flavour and excellent texture at producing competitive rice because of harvest... And texture of cultivated rice once, and a strong culm koshihikari short grain rice Samoto and Kanai ). Rice cultivation, processing, and since then, has continuously maintained its top in... 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